From Rotary Peace Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Main Page

1,160 bytes added, 15:24, August 27, 2012
Sri Lanka has been embedded in ethnic conflict for more than two decades. Tensions between the majority Sinhalese and the Tamil minority in the northeast, coupled with separatism are main causes for the civil war. But since the civil war or the 2009 defeat of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), otherwise known as the Tamil Tigers, a militant group fighting for independence of the state and Tamils – more stability has been regained in the county although peace has not been completely restored. The armed conflict lasted over two and a half decades, and cost over 70,000 lives and displaced millions.<ref>Lewis, D, Jastrow, C, Jonas, C, Kenndy, T and Tamin, S. “Building Peace in Sri Lanka: An Analysis of the Conflict and Plan for Intervention”, p2.</ref>
The issue of reconciliation in Sri Lanka continues to difficult and complex as misunderstandings between the major ethic groups – Sinhalese, Tamils and Muslims have resulted in mistrust and fear spilled over from “battles of the past”. The aim of this proposal is to investigate the complex issues that caused Sri Lanka to disintegrate in the past decades and to present an action plan to develop a harmony center. Using the Conflict Triangle Framework drawn from SIDA<ref>See Conflict Analysis Framework at </ref>drivers of conflict and peace will be identified in the process. An action plan will be presented in the second part of the report.
== Map of '''ANALYSIS OF CONFLICT''' Background. Since the 1990s, violence and conflict ==have penetrated the heart of the Sri Lanka as the Tamil Tigers conducted suicide attacks, assassinations and sabotages, destroying infrastructure, widening ethnic division and slowing down development especially for gender equality and education. In addition, the search for a political consensus between the nationalistic Sinhalese and the Tamils has resulted in a constant struggle for power sharing and legitimacy that resulted in civil wars, which also caused the severe disruption of Sri Lanka’s peace and stability. Significant mistrust between the Sinhalese and Tamils is still present today. That is a potential development divider. {{#askSeparately, the issue of war crimes is currently debated at the international levels without making much headway, which has brought about negative public and international perception. Other human development issues include the “refugee issue” where:[[Category:Analyses]]|?Coordinates (1) the confinement of conflict|format=map|limit=200}}some 250,000 Tamils and to camps and (2) allegations that executions were made by the government are brought into question.